Publications by Dr. André Schäfferling

Conference Articles (Peer Reviewed)

Schäfferling, A. and Wagner, H. (2014)
Institutional Investors and the Development of IT Capability: Evidence from Publicly Listed Companies
Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Auckland, New Zealand

View Abstract
Investors often influence the strategic decisions of their holdings, such as long-term orientation and investments in intangible assets. Investigating IT capability as a strategic asset, we examine the influence of institutional shareholders' investment horizon and blockholdings on the development of organizational IT capability. We perform a panel data analysis of eleven years of archival data from publicly listed U.S. companies. Our findings show a positive relationship between a firm's ownership structure and the development of its IT capability. In particular, we find that equity owners that remain invested over long periods of time increase firms' likelihood of developing a continuous IT capability. In contrast, investors that can be classified as blockholders do not exert significant influence on their portfolio firms. By linking accounting research on firm ownership with ongoing IS research on IT capability, we provide new insides into the firm-level benefits of long-term oriented institutional investors on IT capability.

Schäfferling, A. and Wagner, H. (2013)
Do investors recognize Information Technology as a strategic asset? A longitudinal analysis of changes in ownership structure and IT capability
Proceedings of the 21th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Utrecht, The Netherlands

View Abstract
IT capability is known to increase financial performance and affects strategic topics like vertical integration and competitive action. It is seen as a strategic although intangible asset and receives a lot of interest in research and practice. Recent studies show that this organizational asset is developed over time and needs continuous investment to be built. Long-term oriented investors value strategic assets as they are essential drivers for firms' long-term success and survival. Hence, compared to other companies in the same industry, a higher ratio of long-term oriented investors in a firm's ownership structure should reflect a firm's ability to create strategic assets. Based on archival data from 2000 to 2009 we investigate the interplay of a firm's IT capability and its ownership structure. We find that superior IT capability is related to a high ratio of long-term oriented investors. Further, empirical analysis shows that changes in IT capability induce adjustments in the ownership structure. This study contributes to the body of literature on the business value of IT by studying the capital market effects of IT capability. Practical implications and areas of further research are outlined.

Schäfferling, A. (2013)
Determinants and Consequences of IT Capability: Review and Synthesis of the Literature
Proceedings of the 19th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Chicago (IL)

View Abstract
As IT spending continuously increased over the past years, it nowadays accounts for a significant amount of total corporate spending. However, firms require the ability to transform these investments into daily operations. Research shows that the organizational IT capability is the key to leverage IT investments and achieve desired outcomes. Research on IT capability thereby evolved as a major stream in the IT business value debate and the number of research articles on IT capability increased constantly over the years. The purpose of this literature review is to provide an overview of current findings on antecedents and consequences of IT capability and to identify directions for further research. This review synthesizes a collection of 30 research articles and thereby contributes to the literature on IT capability by identifying current gaps in the literature and offering new perspectives for future research.

Schäfferling, A., Wagner, H., and Becker, J. (2012)
Exploring the Relation between Firm Ownership and IT Capability
Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Barcelona, Spain

View Abstract
As IT spending continuously increased throughout the last years, it nowadays accounts for a significant amount of total corporate spending. Simultaneously, academic research validated the strategic importance and performance benefits derived from a superior IT capability - the ability to successfully deploy organizational IT skills and resources. Furthermore, shareholders pursuing long-term oriented goals are interested in consistent investments to develop organizational capabilities, such as IT capability. Consequentially, the question arises how a firm's ownership structure is related to its IT capability. This research question is addressed by analyzing secondary data on publicly listed U.S. companies of the last ten years. The results provide support for the hypothesized relation throughout the investigated period and withstand several control and robustness tests. This study contributes to the ongoing research on IT capability by showing that certain types of shareholders promote the development and deployment of IT capability which in turn influences strategic topics. Findings further confirm that decisions on IT investments characterized by long-term benefits must be backed by owners with a corresponding long-term investment horizon.

Schäfferling, A., Wagner, H., and Becker, J. (2012)
IT Capability and Firm Performance: Findings from Periods of Economic Downturn
Proceedings of the 18th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Seattle (WA)

View Abstract
Information technology is crucial in many industries and is seen as a decisive factor of a firm's performance and financial success. Based on the dynamic capabilities view, this paper aims at extending existing research on organizational IT capability and performance. In particular, this work examines if firms exhibiting superior IT capability outperform their competitors, especially during two phases of economic downturn: the burst of the dotcom-bubble in 2000 and the recent financial crisis in 2008. Applying secondary statistics on different performance measures and proxies of IT capability among publicly traded US companies, we found that firms characterized by superior IT capability outperformed their competitors during both crises in all but one performance indicator. This paper contributes to research by investigating two crisis periods and using up-to-date data to reconcile prior research.

Schäfferling, A., Wagner, H., Schulz, M., and Dum, T. (2011)
The Effect of Knowledge Management Systems on Absorptive Capacity: Findings from International Law Firms
Proceedings of the 15th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems (PACIS), Brisbane, Australia

View Abstract
This case study is engaged in examining the effects of knowledge management systems (KMS) on absorptive capacity (ACAP). Often regarded as the major source of innovation and firm competitive advantage, ACAP raises questions of how to value, assimilate and apply new knowledge. Based on a multiple case study design we specifically investigate KMS as antecedent of ACAP. We interviewed six experts employed in knowledge management functions at two different international law firms operating in the Asian-Pacific, American, and European legal market. The findings from our case study analysis demonstrate that KMS have a positive effect on ACAP, especially on knowledge acquisition and assimilation.

Wagner, H., Dum, T., Schäfferling, A., and Schulz, M. (2011)
The Effect of Knowledge Management Systems on Absorptive Capacity: The Case of a German Law Firm
Proceedings of the 44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), Kauai (HI)

View Abstract
This research in progress is engaged in examining the effects of knowledge management systems (KMS) on absorptive capacity (ACAP). Often regarded as the major source of firm competitive advantage, ACAP raises questions of how to value, assimilate and apply new knowledge. Based on a qualitative research design we specifically investigate ACAP and knowledge management processes. We chose one professional service firm operating in the German Law market for case study investigation. The analysis demonstrates that KMS have positive effect on ACAP.

Schäfferling, A. and Wagner, H. (2010)
IT capability, innovation capability, and long-term performance: A research approach
Proceedings of the 16th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Lima, Peru

View Abstract
The business value of IT is a central tenet of IS research. In this regard organizational IT capabilities are identified as a significant impact factor for performance and competitive advantage. Based on the dynamic capabilities view, this paper aims at extending existent research on IT capabilities and performance by incorporating innovation capability as a substantial driver of long-term performance. However, existing research falls short in investigating these relationships over time. To address these issues, several propositions are developed to link IT capability, innovation capability and long-term performance. This work aims at revealing the interdependencies among IT and innovation capability and to shed light on the temporal effects such as lag effects between investments into IT- and innovation capability and their effect on long-term performance.